Martin Luther: Protestantism

Task 1

Read the text 

Martin Luther was born in 1483 in Germany. He joined a monastery when he was
twenty-one and became a friar. Luther eventually became upset with the Catholic Church
because he felt it was more interested in making money than in helping people. He
thought that some of the popes acted like ruthless monarchs instead of spiritual leaders.
During a pilgrimage to Rome in 1510, Luther saw priests that were living like royalty
instead of like monks. He knew that priests were making money by selling indulgences.
An indulgence is a pardon from a priest for sins committed. Some people believed that
buying indulgences would get them into heaven in spite of their sins.
Luther believed that the church was not carrying out the teachings outlined in the Bible.
He thought that a person could get into heaven by reading the Bible and having faith in
God. Based on this notion, he believed that a person did not have to be a member of a
church. He also thought that this meant that the Catholic Church, popes, and priests had
no real authority. At the time, the Catholic Church was very powerful and discussing
Luther’s beliefs was risky.
Luther eventually wrote down the things that he felt needed to be changed in the church.
Luther’s ideas were called the “95 Theses” and were written in 1517. He then nailed his
list to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany. The printing press had recently been
invented, which helped Luther’s theses spread across Germany. His theses came to the
attention of the pope in Rome. Luther was condemned by the pope and the emperor.
Luther abandoned the Catholic Church and began a new religion, which is now known as
Lutheranism.
Other people sided with Luther and protested against the Catholic Church. New churches
sprang up and came to be called “Protestant” churches because they were protesting
against the Catholic Church. This period of history came to be known as the Protestant
Reformation.
Europe soon became split between the Catholics and the Protestants. If not for the
printing press, news of Luther’s 95 theses would not have spread as quickly and the
Protestant Reformation may never have occurred.
Once the Reformation began, the Catholic Church knew that it needed to make changes.
Many bishops, nuns, and priests had already been trying to reform the church from
within. After the Reformation, a movement began within the church that was known as
the Counter-Reformation. Its purpose was to work against the effects of the Protestant
Reformation. The Counter-Reformation was the church’s attempt to reduce the popularity
of Protestantism in Europe.

St. Ignatius of Loyola became one of the leading figures of the Counter-Reformation. St.
Ignatius was born in 1491 in Spain. He was a soldier who was wounded in a battle
against France. While recovering from his wounds, he began to study religion. He left the
military and became a priest.
Ignatius was unlike the corrupt church officials of the time. He lived in poverty and was
devoted to self-discipline. He founded the Society of Jesus, which is an order of priests.
Members of this society are known as Jesuits. Jesuits often became missionaries around
the world. Ignatius’ life of poverty and dedication advanced the Counter-Reformation
because he was a good example of how the church wanted its members to live.

Causes

In the beginning of the 16th century, many events occurred that led to the protestant reformation. Clergy abuse caused people to begin criticizing the Catholic Church.

The central points of criticism were the following:

  • The church sold tickets of indulgences (forgiveness) from sins for money. This suggested that the rich could buy their way into Heaven while the poor could not – quite the opposite of what the Bible says.
  • Many people did not understand the sermon, because it was in Latin.
  • Religious posts were often sold to whoever was willing to pay the most money for them. This meant many priests did not know much about Christianity. So they told the people many different things. Some of those things had little to do with what was written in the Bible.

The greed and scandalous lives of the clergy had created a split between them and the peasants. Furthermore, the clergy did not respond to the population needs because they did not speak the local language, or live in their own diocese. The papacy lost prestige. The recent invention of the printing press helped spread awareness of the Church’s abuses, and coordinate a response. In 1515, the pope started a new indulgence campaign to raise money for the rebuilding of St. Peter’s Basilica, a church in Rome. This was the last straw for Martin Luther, a Catholic monk from Germany. On October 31, 1517, he nailed 95 theses to the door of the Wittenberg chapel in protest. Luther, who appeared as an enemy of the pope, was excommunicated.

IMPORTANT

In the beginning, Luther had not planned to separate from the Catholic Church or to create a new religion; he wanted to reform the Catholic Church.

Consequences

In 1524-1525, millions of peasants rebelled against the nobles in the name of equality of the humanity in front at God. Many countries in Europe followed the trend of Protestant reformation and Europe was divided by denomination. This brought religious wars such as the French Wars of Religion.

The Pope reestablished the inquisition to combat heresy. The Catholic Church responded to the protestant reformation with the counter-reformation. Force was not entirely successful, so the Pope created new religious orders like the Jesuits. These new religious orders were charged to combat Protestantism while educating the population to Catholicism.

Impact

Protestant denominations have multiplied in different forms, especially in Protestant countries. Catholic countries such as Spain and Mexico for a long time forbade Protestants to immigrate, and Protestant countries sometimes forbade Catholics. Protestants are influential in the United States and the English Canada. After the Seven Years War the British imposed the Quebec Act granting freedom of religion in Quebec, hoping it would become Protestant.

Now: Take this short quiz

QUIZ

Resultado de imagen para protestant vs catholic for kids

Task 2: In your opinion, what was the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in a deep crisis?

Leave a comment in the blog

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24 Responses to Martin Luther: Protestantism

  1. Beltrán says:

    The most important cause for me was that Martin Luther believed that the church wasn’t carrying out the teachings outlined in the Bible.

  2. Juanma says:

    In my opinion,the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in deep crisis was that the clergy lived like royalty more like monks. They reason what that they earned too much money. The reason they earned a lot of money was that they said to the peopla that if they did not pay they would not go to heaven.

  3. *Juana T* says:

    FIRST CAUSE:
    In my opinion the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in deep crisis was that the sold tickets like a pass for the heaven, and only rich people could buy it, and that was wrong because God want all of us to be in the paradise with him.This was I believe that called Luther’s attention.That was then that he start writing the changes,. Then people called it and know it as Protestant. The to churches were very different, let say that the Protestant Church was what should be the Catholic Church(The Catholic Church was not so interested in God, they were interested in money).

    QUOTATION:
    -The church sold tickets of indulgences (forgiveness) from sins for money.
    -This suggested that the rich could buy their way into Heaven while the poor could not – quite the opposite of what the Bible says
    -Luther abandoned the Catholic Church and began a new religion, which is now known as Lutheranism
    – He knew that priests were making money by selling indulgences.
    -Some people believed that
    buying indulgences would get them into heaven in spite of their sins.

    SECOND CAUSE:
    In my opinion the second cause most important for Martin Luther to believe that the Catholic Church was in deep crisis was that the Popes and Bishops were not interested in God at all, the only thing they want was money for them. Some Bishops did not know nothing about the Church or God and they told wrong thing to the people and the people could not realized because the testaments and the Bible were in Latin.

    QUOTATIONS:
    -Luther believed that the church was not carrying out the teachings outlined in the Bible.
    -He also thought that this meant that the Catholic Church, popes, and priests had
    no real authority
    -He knew that priests were making money by selling indulgences
    -This meant many priests did not know much about Christianity.
    -So they told the people many different things.

  4. jmporretti says:

    In my opinion the most important cause was the first one. That talked about how the Church cared more about money than god. The Catholic Church sold indulgences to people, only rich people can buy them to go to heaven but poor no. That was not what the Bible said.

  5. sebas burgio says:

    Many countries in Europe followed the Protestant reformation and Europe was divided by denomination.

  6. Topi :) says:

    In my opinion the most important causes were that priests and the members of the
    clergy behaved as rich and ambisious people instead of God and Jesus’ followers, they
    sold indulgences saying that if people bought them they would go to heaven, they read
    the bible in Latin & no one could understand it and they didn’t know much about the
    church so sometimes they invented things that had a little bit to do with the things that
    were written in the bible.

  7. Becky💓 says:

    I think that the most important cause was that The Church sold tickets of indulgences for money, that suggested that the rich can buy their way into heaven but the poor no. Also because the church only cared about money.

  8. Rochi says:

    “The church sold tickets of indulgences from sins for money”
    -In my opinion is wrong what church do, because it is the other way wrong of what de bible say,

    ”Luther believed that the church was not carrying out the teachings outlined in the Bible”
    “He thought that a person could get into heaven by reading the Bible and having faith in God”
    -All so the people think another thing of what the church sayed,

    “Some people believed that buying indulgences would get them into heaven in spite of their sins”

    -All so Luther had his personals opinions,

    “He knew that priests were making money by selling indulgences”
    “Based on this notion, he believed that a person did not have to be a member of a
    church”
    Rochi 🙂

  9. Pili says:

    In my opinion the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in a deep crisis was that the church sold tickets of indulgences (forgiveness) from sins for money. This meant that the rich could buy their way into Heaven and the poor could not.
    I think this one was the most important one because it is very unfair for the poor people, and also because the church shouldn’t be so mean.

  10. juana says:

    for me the most important cause was that when the people go to confess, the priest asked for money to be forgiben by good.

  11. Alexia says:

    For me the most important cause is the first one because the Church was solding tickets of indulgences for money, they just sold the tickets for the people that were rich but not to the poor people, that was the opposite that say in the bible and for me that was so unfair to the poor people.

  12. trosso says:

    In my opinion the problem was that the rich could just buy an indulgence but the poor couldn’t so they would supposedly go to hell. Martin Luther thought that thats not what it was portrayed like in the Bible so people started criticizing them(the Catholic Church)
    and thats where the reformation came in.

  13. cata says:

    In my opinion the most important cause was this one “The church sold tickets of indulgences (forgiveness) from sins for money. This suggested that the rich could buy their way into Heaven while the poor could not – quite the opposite of what the Bible says” I think this is te most important because the church can not be always thinking about the many and have to be thinking about jesus and his life and about the poor people.

  14. ldeelia says:

    I think that the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in a deep crisis was that the priests, monks, popes(The Catholic Church) cared more in making money than in their religion and in God. I’m disgusted by the fact that the Catholic Church sold indulgences to people. People believed that if they bought indulgences, they would go to heaven. Rich people bought indulgences but the ones who couldn’t afford them, thought they wouldn’t go to heaven, which I believe was very mean of the church to do.

  15. msturla says:

    In my opinion the most important cause was many people did not understand the sermon because it was in latin

  16. josefina says:

    In my opinion it was because the church was corrupt, also because the priests didnt knew a lot about church, and because the bible was in latin, people couldnt learnt a lot about church because all was in latin and they didnt knew how to read, the church also lied a little bit about heaven and all that.

  17. Nina Gil says:

    In my opinion the most important cause for Martin Luther to belive the catholic church was in deep crisis was that the clergy made people paid indulgenses for their sins and because the Pope and priests lived like royals.

  18. Santino says:

    I think the most important cause was this one, “the church sold tickets of indulgences (forgiveness) from sins for money. This suggested that the rich could buy their way into Heaven while the poor could not – quite the opposite of what the Bible says.
    Santino

  19. bauti says:

    In my opinion the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in a deep crisis was that the Priests and the Pope lived like monarchs and made a lot of money and in the bible there is nothimg about the church having so much money. Also, Jesus never lived as a rich man, he was poor and humble. For Martin Luther faith in God was more important than money.

  20. fmcaeiro says:

    in my opinion the most important cause was that the catholic church was not doing their job,they were more interested in making money than in helping people. “He thought that some of the popes acted like ruthless monarchs instead of spiritual leaders”.

  21. Mateo says:

    In my opinion, one of the most important reasons for him to believe that the catholic church was in crisis was that the church people was more interested in making money than helping people. They sold indulgences to the rich, so it was easy for rich people to go to heaven than for poor people. That was not what the bible said.

  22. Santiago Ortiz Pando says:

    I think Martin Luther did right because church people in that time cared more about money than God. They sold indulgences which only rich people could buy, meaning that only rich people could go to heaven while poor people couldn’t. The Bible says the opposite. Today Catholicism is better. They care about God and poor people. And everyone can go to the heaven but not paying. They can go to Heaven if they are good persons and doing good acts

  23. Nano says:

    In my opinion, the most important cause for Martin Luther to believe the Catholic Church was in a deep crisis was that the people paid for indulgences thinking that by doing those, they could build their way to heaven. This meant that the rich people could and the poor ones, no. This was the opposite of what the Bible said.

  24. Juancruz says:

    In my opinion,the most important cause for him was that in the Church were abuses to young people. Also the Church started making bad decisions and the people started to be against it and protest.

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