The Triangle of Trade

The Triangle Trade, also known as the triangular trade, is the name given to a system of trade that occurred during the colonial era in American History. New Englanders traded extensively, exporting many commodities such as fish, whale oil, furs, and rum. However, one distinct route that formed was the triangular trade. This pattern occurred as follows:

  • New Englanders manufactured and shipped rum to the west coast of Africa in exchange for slaves.
  • The slaves were taken on the “Middle Passage” to the West Indies where they were sold for molasses and money.
  • The molasses would be sent to New England to make rum and start the entire system of trade all over again.

Task (leave a comment in the blog)

Check this interactive map

Find out

1. What goods were transported to Africa from Europe?

2. Who organised the slave trade in Africa?

3. Why did many slaves not reach the plantations alive?

4. What goods were taken back to Liverpool and Bristol?

5. How important was this trade for these towns?

6. How many Africans were transferred to America as a result of the triangular trade?

7. Find a source to support any of your answers. leave the link and explain it.

Example:

Source

Resultado de imagen para how did slaves travel from africa to america

This sources shows that when slaves arrived in America, they were sold at an auction. The white masters who paid more for them could take them to their plantations to work.

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34 Responses to The Triangle of Trade

  1. Beltrán says:

    1). From Europe to Afrca there were transported iron products.

    2). The slave trade in Africa was organized by the West Indies.

    3). Many slaves didn’t reach the plantations alive because they were treat very bad they ate very little and there conditions were very poor.

    4). America produce cotton, sugar and tabacco. And Africa had slaves that arrived to Europe in boats.
    5). Very important, because this trade this towns became richer.

    6). They transferred to America 12 millons Africans.

    7)
    https://cdn.britannica.com/41/147441-004-B30237FD.jpg

    This source shows how they traeted the slaves in the ships.

  2. Juanma says:

    1-the goods that were transported to africa from europe were Iron Products.
    2-The Portuguese and some spanish organised the slave trade in Africa.
    3-“As many as 2 million slaves died during the journey via the Middle Passage. Journeys lasted from as little as six weeks to several months, depending on the weather. The ships were often too small to carry the hundreds of slaves on board. Slaves were tightly packed into cramped spaces with one person’s right leg chained to the left leg of another person. Conditions on the ships were terrible and slaves died from diseases such as smallpox, scurvy and measles.”
    4- The goods that were taken back to Liverpool and Bristol were tobacco, sugar, rice, rum and cotton.
    5- Liverpool and Bristol grew during the 18th century. They were wealthy cities. The wealth came from the their involvement in the triangular trades.
    6- “At least 12 million Africans were taken to the Americas as slaves between 1532 and 1832 and at least a third of them in British ships”
    7- http://www.bbc.co.uk/liverpool/content/articles/2007/02/16/abolition_liverpool_slavery_story_feature.shtml
    http://www.sweethistory.org/about/triangular-trade-bristol/
    https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zy7fr82/revision/3

  3. Josefina Porretti says:

    1)Goods that were transported were Iron Products.
    2)The West Indies organised the trade in Africa.
    3)They died because they were living in bad conditions of life.
    4)The goods that were taken back to Liverpool and Bristol were Sugar,Cotton and Tobacco.
    5)For these towns it was very important because they became richer and because the exchange products among them.
    6)12 million Africans were transferred to America.

  4. Catalina Pernarcic says:

    1) The iron products were transported to africa from europe

    2) The slave trade was organised by the West Indies

    3) They usually did not reach the plantations becuse they were treated bad,they ate very little and thy lived in bad conditions.

    4) The cotton,the sugar,the tabaccoand they recibed slaves.

    5) It was very important to them because they became very rich.

    6) 12 million africans were transfered to america.

  5. Mile says:

    1- Iron products
    2- New England
    3- Because the conditions on the slaves ships were terrible. There were a lot of slaves in a small place, ten slaves share one bucket of food, and they got sick really easily.
    4- Fish, whale oil, lamber and tobacco.
    5- It was very important because they could trade with other countries, so they could get new goods and make some products and trade them back.
    6- In the 19th century a common estimate forthe number of slaves landed in America was to over of 20 millions or above.
    7- http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/slavery/middle_passage/john_newton.aspx
    This source is about a slve trader during the Middle Passage.

  6. Mora says:

    1- The goods that were transported to Africa were Iron stuff, Textiles and Rum
    2- The owners of the ship and the slavers.
    3- Because they didn’t survive the bad conditions of the trip
    4- The goods were Sugar, Tobacco and Cotton
    5- Important because the goods they were receiving were essentials
    6- 12 Millions of Africans, 55% of the African population
    7-?

  7. Pili says:

    History Homework:
    1) Iron products were transported to Africa from Europe . For example guns.
    2)The slave trade in Africa, was organized by the ship’s captain.
    3)Many slaves did not reach the plantations alive, because the ship conditions were very bad, so they probably died on the way. Another possibility was that they committed suicide.
    4) Liverpool and Bristol received raw materials from America, and slaves from Africa.
    5) The trade for these towns was very important, because they could exchange goods and materials among America, Europe and Africa. Materials that they had and other countries didn´t, or that other countries had and they didn´t. For example Africa had slaves and America didn´t. Or America had tobacco and Europe didn´t.
    6) Approximately 12 million Africans were captured to be taken to the Americas as slaves.
    7) http://www.worldfuturefund.org/Reports/Slavedeathtoll/slaverydeathtoll.html
    This picture shows the ships conditions and how the slaves were treated. The conditions were horrible, there wasn’t enough space for all the people, so they had to be very close one to each other. The way they were treated was also horrible, as you see in the picture they are badly hurt and they look desperate and hungry.

  8. Becky says:

    1- Europe transported to Africa, beer, cloth, guns and ironic products.
    2- The people who organzed the slave trade were the slavers and the ship owners.
    3-They didn´t reached alive because of the horrible conditions, slaves were treated awfully and they travelled in a very bad way. They were all tight and they couldn´t change thir position, they had to share one dish of food with many people and last, when someone got sick everyone got sick because the dissese spread all over the ship, and at that time medicine wasn´t good.
    4- To Liverpol and Bristol, cotton, sugar and tobacco was transported.
    5- It was very important because of the products they recived mutually. They got a lot of very important and vital products that benifided them.
    6- As a result 12 million slaves were transferred.
    7-https://www.google.com.ar/search?q=slavers+and+ship+owners+with+the+slaves&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiQ-Y-ymKDeAhUGlZAKHTceAUEQ_AUIDigB&biw=1120&bih=506#imgrc=p4f_TB5NtbnyPM:
    This source shows how the slavers and the ship owners badtreated the slaves, and the horrible conditins of the ship. The slaves travelled almost naked and all dirty, and they often got sick.

  9. Josefina says:

    1. Europe transported iron goods to Africa for the exchange of the slaves.
    2. The slavers and the ship owners controled the slavery.
    3.Many of them got ill, but it was also because of the conditions of the ship where they were transported, they also died because of how they were treated.
    4. They recived Tobacco, Cotton and Sugar.
    5. It was very important because of the goods they receved mutualy.
    6. they were transfered 12 millions.

    7 https://www.google.com.ar/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwi82J7snKDeAhWLkZAKHRcaAyEQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=http%3A%2F%2F4thebest4e.tripod.com%2Fid11.html&psig=AOvVaw1kPYNlI1U5y0Dg00Yk2iQi&ust=1540509559493434

    this source shows how the little kids were taken by force from his mothers, it shows that the familys were separated and that the slavery is the most cruel thing.

  10. ldeelia says:

    1) The goods that were transported from Europe to Africa were manufractured goods such as guns and brandy.

    2) At first, in the 15th century, the Portuguese kidnapped the Africans. When the slave trade became a well-organised business, the local African rulers controlled the trade and allowed the European ship’s captains to conduct their business at the coast of West Africa, but sometimes slaves were captured directly by the British traders.

    3) Many slaves didn’t reach to the plantations alive because in the Middle Passage, the crossing from Africa to the Americas(the ships), the conditions were awful

    “A few ships crossed the Middle Passage without any deaths. Some ships lost most of their ‘cargo’. The average losses were between 10 and 20%, through sickness, suicide and even murder at the hands of the slave crew and captains. 10% means over 1,000,000 Africans died on board the ships, 20% represents over 2,000,000 deaths.”
    “People were packed so close that they could not get to the toilet buckets, and so lay in their own filth. Seasickness, heat and lack of air all contributed to the terrible smell. These conditions also encouraged disease, particularly fever and the ‘bloody flux’ or gastroenteritis (a serious stomach bug).”
    -http://discoveringbristol.org.uk/slavery/routes/from-africa-to-america/atlantic-crossing/middle-passage/
    Sources:
    -https://www.google.com.ar/search?q=middle+passage&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiei9SKiKDeAhXDjpAKHdf8BSYQ_AUIDigB&biw=1242&bih=569#imgrc=rn8ob1dDUaGB8M:
    -https://www.google.com.ar/search?q=middle+passage&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiei9SKiKDeAhXDjpAKHdf8BSYQ_AUIDigB&biw=1242&bih=569#imgrc=VXZTUB1NP0MlKM:
    -https://www.google.com.ar/search?q=middle+passage&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiei9SKiKDeAhXDjpAKHdf8BSYQ_AUIDigB&biw=1242&bih=569#imgrc=w5TxB3pNZJktRM:

    4) Some goods that were taken back to Liverpool and Bristol were the tobacco, sugar, gold, ivory, spices, whale oils, fur and lumber.
    5) It was very important for these towns because thanks to the trade, they got richer and obtained great personal wealth.
    -” The town and its inhabitants derived great civic and personal wealth from the trade which laid the foundations for the port’s future growth.”
    http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/slavery/europe/liverpool.aspx
    6) At least 12 million Africans.
    7) The sources I chose are in question 3. I chose them because they show the conditions people were in when they were in the ships.

  11. sebas burgio says:

    1- Iron products and rum.
    2- America
    3- Yes by comiting suicide
    4- Sugar, cotton, tobacco, lumber, whale oil and fish
    5- It was important because they received goods and exported goods. Also, slaves (many of them) commited suicide.
    6- About 12 millions of Africans.
    7- https://www.google.com.ar/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwjy56XUkKDeAhXFkpAKHXWtDdMQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pinterest.com%2Fpin%2F803048177275428551%2F&psig=AOvVaw1fG2kT3EWurJicda2zLle8&ust=1540506390334948

    This source shows slaves working in farms harvesting sugar, cotton and tobacco.

  12. jfernandezcalvo says:

    1- It was transported to Africa from Europe iron products
    2- the firstones who organised the slave trade in Africa were the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Spanish, and the Holland
    3-many slaves died before getting to the plantations because of the bad conditions of the ships
    4-there were taken this goods: Tabaco,sugar,rice,rum and cotton
    5-these trades were very important because they have more power(more markets and more money)
    6-Were taken about 12 millions africans
    7-http://www.simonandschuster.com/books/The-Slave-Trade/Hugh-Thomas/9780684835655

    I PUT THIS BOOK BECAUSE IT TELLS YOU ALL THE STORY OF THE AFRICAN TRANSLATE AND ANSWERS ALL YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TOPIC.

  13. fico says:

    1) Were transported guns, ammunition, and other goods
    in exchange of black slaves.
    2)The Portuguese were the first to engage in the slave trade.
    3) “As many as 2 million slaves died during the journey via the Middle Passage. Journeys lasted from as little as six weeks to several months, depending on the weather. The ships were often too small to carry the hundreds of slaves on board. Slaves were tightly packed into cramped spaces with one person’s right leg chained to the left leg of another person. Conditions on the ships were terrible and slaves died
    from diseases such as smallpox, scurvy and measles”. Their deaths were the result of brutal treatment and poor care from the time of their capture and throughout their voyage.
    4) Whale oil, lumber, furs, rice, silk, indigo, tabacco, sugar, Gold, ivory, spices
    5) The trade was very important for Liverpool and Bristol. “Liverpool’s prosperity was bound up in the triangular trade”. “Bristol was a wealthy city. That wealth came from several trading areas. Bristol was involved in the ‘triangular trade’ to Africa and the Americas”.
    6) “At least 12 million Africans were taken to the Americas as slaves between 1532 and 1832 and at least a third of them in British ships.”
    7) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_slave_trade
    https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zy7fr82/revision/1
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/liverpool/content/articles/2007/02/16/abolition_liverpool_slavery_story_feature.shtml
    http://www.discoveringbristol.org.uk/slavery/routes/places-involved/bristol/growth/

  14. Santi yacobitti says:

    1)Manufactured goods liked guns and bulets were transported to Africa from Europe.
    2)The portuguese organized the soave trade in Africa.
    3)Because they transported by boats and boats werevery poored and in bad conditions.
    4)Tabaco,sugar,rice,rum and cotton were taken back.
    5)Because of the Triangle trade Liverpool and bristol grew up a lot and got rich.

  15. Tiziano says:

    1)Manufactured goods such as guns with ammunition and Brandy for slaves.

    2)The Portugues

    3)Because the conditions of the ships they were shipped in were very poor. They were chained together, their food was distributed in buckets to be shared by ten people with could lead to the spread of deceases and or fights between them.

    4)Slaves, Ivory and gold.

    5)Extremely important because in Africa there were lots of tribes and they often fought.
    Which meant they needed firearms which they didn’t have so they traded black slaves for firearms and other goods.

    6)At least 12 million slaves.

  16. Rochi says:

    1-The goods transport from Africa to Europe include teas, spices, furniture, cloth, tools, and iron products
    2-The slave trades were organized by the slave ship captains
    3-During the traveling many slaves didt surbibe, because of the horrible conditions. They were treated awfully, for example they had to share a dish of food with 10 people
    4- The good that were taken back to liverpool and bristol are: Tobacco, cotton and sugar from america and slaves from africa
    5-´´TheLiverpool Merchant’ was the first recorded slave ship to sail from Liverpool. She set sail on 3 October 1699 and arrived in Barbados on 18 September 1700 with a cargo of 220 enslaved Africans. Part owner Sir Thomas Johnson is known as the ‘founder of modern Liverpool’.By 1795 Liverpool controlled over 80% of the British and over 40% of the entire European slave trade.By 1750 Liverpool overtook Bristol and London in the slave trade and the import of sugar and rum.Over 5,000 slaving voyages started from Liverpool. Former Liverpool slave ship captain John Newton wrote the famous hymn ‘Amazing Grace’. After his career at sea Newton became a reverend and an anti-slavery campaigner. At least 25 of Liverpool’s lord mayors, holding office for a total of 35 years between 1700 and 1820, were closely involved in the slave trad´´
    http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/srd/liverpool.aspx

    6-The slave trade was huge – British ships transported 2.6 million slaves. It has been estimated that, overall, about 12 million Africans were captured to be taken to the Americas as slaves
    7-
    https://www.google.com.ar/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwi4yIqwrZ_eAhVJQZAKHTiXAmkQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.thoughtco.com%2Fthe-trans-atlantic-slave-trade-44544&psig=AOvVaw2eUUZX5a-yufT9rU8p8mSA&ust=1540480003370715
    this is a link of a source that shows how they were treated in the living conditions during the ship (question numbrer 5)

  17. 1) the goods that were transported from Europe to Africa were iron products such as guns and tools.
    2) the slave trade was organised by tribe’s chief. Those tribes were very agressive so they fighted a lot. That battle made the tribes won prisioners from the other tribe that prisoner was sold by the chief in exchange of iron products.
    3) a lot of slaves did not reach the plantations because of the dredful conditions they travelled in they travelled in 1.2 metres decks.
    4) goods such as whale oil, lumbre, fish and tobacco were taken back to Liverpool and Bristol from north america.
    5) It was important for every town every town in exchange of something would recieve something the american need the slaves the Britain need the raw material and the african need the guns and the tools.
    6) About 12. million slaves were track on to america between 1525 and 1866.
    7)https://www.historyonthenet.com/black-peoples-of-america-the-middle-passage/ this link represents very well the bad conditions and treatment that the slaves travelled in. They were travelled like animals

  18. Mateo says:

    1) Britains gave the africans some goods such as cotton, brass pans and guns. Exchanged for black african slaves.
    2) The tribe’s chief captured slaves that later on would be sold to Britain in change of goods.
    3) They would not survive the ship because of the very bad conditions they travelled.
    4) Bristol And Liverpool: Enslaved Africans.
    5) The triangular trade routes were pivotal to the practise of Mercantilism by England by which colonies had one main purpose: to enrich the parent country that is the reason why it is important.
    6) It has been estimated that, overall, about 12 million Africans were captured to be taken to the Americas as slaves.
    7) https://www.vistaalmar.es/ciencia-tecnologia/historia/6457-inhumano-viaje-barcos-negreros.html check this source because it shows very good the bad conditions they travelled in.

    • Pat says:

      Teo, very interesting source!! Next time, share one in English!! And I agree with you, it shows the horrible conditions slaves were transported in.

  19. Nano GB says:

    1) Europe transported manufactured and shipped rum to the west coast of Africa.
    2) The white masters organized the slave trade in Africa.
    3) Some slaves died before getting to the plantations because they died on board. The ship’s bad conditions were the principal causes.
    4) The goods that went back to Liverpool and Bristol were: Fish, Whale oil, lumber and tobacco.
    5) These trades were very important for these towns because they had more markets and more money. That means more power.
    6) There were transferred approximately 12 million Africans to America.
    7) http://4thebest4e.tripod.com/id15.html
    This source proves that the ship’s conditions were very bad and that a lot of slaves died on board.

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